101 Switching Protocols

The 101 (Switching Protocols) status code indicates that the server
understands and is willing to comply with the client’s request, via
the Upgrade header field (), for a change in
the application protocol being used on this connection. The server

MUST generate an Upgrade header field in the response that indicates
which protocol(s) will be switched to immediately after the empty
line that terminates the 101 response.

It is assumed that the server will only agree to switch protocols
when it is advantageous to do so. For example, switching to a newer
version of HTTP might be advantageous over older versions, and
switching to a real-time, synchronous protocol might be advantageous
when delivering resources that use such features.

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